Africans are creating a rich memorial landscape. Across the continent there are monuments, museums and memory processes remembering mass atrocities, from slavery and colonialism, to postcolonial conflicts, apartheid and genocide. Memory is increasingly associated with reconciliation, healing, justice and conflict-prevention. The African Union Human Rights Memorial will build on and strengthen national memorialisation in the aftermath of conflict. It will foster connections between African institutions and groups with a commitment to remembering in the interests of human rights and peace. It aims to share memories, to acknowledge diverse experiences of suffering and various forms of remembrance, and to learn from the continent’s tragic past.